English Grammar, First Year Classes & Topics

Questions & Answers: Chapter 4 & 5


1.      In what does the cultural heritage of India lie?

The cultural heritage of India lies in its recognition of sustaining an inner landscape of man which is the centre and the recognition that it expresses itself in an outer landscape of man comprising numberless petals of a lotus flower.

2.      “Time is one but its expression many” Tell the source from where this quotation has been extracted.

This quotation has been extracted from Rig Veda.

3.      What did the Katha Upanishad speak about the body of man?

The Katha Upanishad spoke about the body of man as charioteer and chariot wheel.

4.      Is Indian figurative art portraiture of the specific?

No, the Indian figurative art is not portraiture of the specific.

5.      What is the significance of “Trimurti” in Elephanta?

Trimurti in Elephanta signifies Shiva as Sadasiva and Parvati as Aghora.

6.      How does Indian dance provide manifestation of the inner state and vision?

Indian dance provides the most concrete manifestation of the state and vision and seeks to communicate universal.


1.      Will it be correct to say that the Vedic literature is the most ancient literature in the world?

No, it will not be correct to say that the Vedic literature is the most ancient literature in the world as Mesopotamian and Egyptian literature are definitely the prior to Vedic.

2.      How would you describe the Vedic hymns?

Vedic hymns are a poetic testament of people’s collective reaction to the wonder and are of existence.

3.      To what period do the first two Vedas belong?

The first two Vedas belong to the period when the Aryans were living in the region watered by the Indus and its tributaries.

4.      What is the content of Artha Veda?

The content of Artha Veda is the spell of magic and sorcery directed against diseases, enemies and demons.

5.      What proves the Artha Veda’s late origin?

Its late origin is shown by the fact the tiger, a native of marshy Bengal and unknown to the other Vedas is frequently referred to as the terrible beast of prey.

6.      What was the purpose of the Brahmans granthas?

The purpose of the Brahmana granthas is to set up rules and perception for rituals.

7.      By whom were the Aranyakas composed?

The Aranyakas were composed by thinkers who retired from rituals to think and express their thoughts in writing.

8.      Explain the meaning of the term “Upanishad”.

The term “Upanishad” means sitting down near the teacher for a confidential communication.

9.      Which works are regarded as the oldest works on Indian Mathematics?

The Sulva Sutra containing rules for the measurement and building of places of sacrifies are the oldest wokds on Indian mathematics.

10.  How long wast he span of Vedic culture?

The span of Vedic culture begins with Aryans and goes upto Budhism.

11.  What did Budhism protest against?

The Budhism protested against the orthodox ritual practices and complex religion.