English Grammar, First Year Classes & Topics

Tense : Present Tense


Tense

Ram writesa letter.        Verb write

Ram wrotea letter.        Verb wrote

Ram willwrite a letter.  Verb will write

writes – refers topresent time.

wrote – refers topast time.

will write  - refers to future time.

Verb thatrefers to present time is called Present Tense.

Verb thatrefers to past time is called Past Tense.

Verb thatrefers to future time is called Future Tense.

Thus there arethree main tenses, Past, Present,Future.

 

Simple orIndefinite Present Tense.

The verb thatindicate an action or event which takes place in the present time:

?kVuk ;k fØ;ktks orZeku dks fn[kkrk gSA

      E.g. He writes a letter.

      E.g. He walks to work.

A future actionwhen the futurity is clear.

      E.g. The college reopens on 1stJuly.

A Universalaction.

      E.g. The sun rises in the East.

Present Indefinite के वाक्य– ताहे, ताहुतीहे, टीहें , तेहे ,ते हेंआदि केसाथ समाप्तहोते हें, जबभी आपएसे वाक्यदेखे तोआप समझजाएं कीयह प्रजेंटindefinite हेa

उदाहरण:-
1.
वह खानाखातीहे  2. सीतागानागातीहे
3
वे स्कुलजातेहें     4 मैपानीपीतहूं

उदाहरण:-
वह खानाखाता हेHe eats food (यहाँपर heके साथवर्ब में s लगाहे
तुम खानाखाते होYou eat food (लेकिनयहाँ परyou केसाथ s या es  नहींलगा है)